A Cyber-Physical System (CPS) is a cross-domain system integrating sub-systems from multiple domains connected through communication networks. Today, CPSs can be found in security-sensitive areas such as aerospace, automotive, energy, healthcare, manufacturing transportation, entertainment, and consumer appliances. Compared to the traditional information and embedded systems, due to the tight interactions between cyber and physical domains in CPSs, new vulnerabilities emerge from the boundary between cyber and physical domains. This enables new types of “cross-domain attacks” which include the following two concepts: First, observable energy flows from a physical domain such as the analog emissions from acoustics, power flow, electromagnetic (EM), thermal, etc. provide the attackers new ways to access the critical information in the cyber domain. We call this types of attack as “Side Channel Attacks”. Second, the classic cyber domain attacks on CPS may cause direct physical damage to them. The second types of attack in the scope of this talk will be called “Kinetic Cyber Attack”. In my talk, I will be presenting our recent work on additive manufacturing systems (3D-printers), where we have demonstrated the vulnerability of a 3D-printer to confidentiality attacks. An additive manufacturing system is attacked through observable acoustic analog emissions in this work. See recent articles at Science (http://science.sciencemag.org/content/352/6282/132
) and at ACM Communications (http://cacm.acm.org/news/199406-bad-vibrations-uci-researchers-find-security-breach-in-3d-printing-process/fulltext
) about our work. Moreover, in this talk, I will also cover few research topics in the area of automotive and transportation systems security.
Mohammad Al Faruque is currently with the University of California Irvine (UCI), where he is an associate professor (with tenure) and directing the Cyber-Physical Systems Lab. Prof. Al Faruque is the recipient of the IEEE CEDA Ernest S. Kuh Early Career Award 2016. He is also the recipient of the UCI Academic Senate Distinguished Early-Career Faculty Award for Research 2017 and the School of Engineering Early-Career Faculty Award for Research 2017. He served as an Emulex Career Development Chair during October 2012 till July 2015. Before, he was with Siemens Corporate Research and Technology in Princeton, NJ. His current research is focused on the system-level design of Internet-of-Things (IoT), Embedded Systems, and Cyber-Physical-Systems (CPS) with special interests on design automation methodologies, data-driven modeling techniques including machine learning for design, CPS security, etc. His work involves novel hardware and software design for various CPS application areas, including Industry 4.0 (manufacturing), smart grid, and autonomous vehicles.
Prof. Al Faruque received his B.Sc. degree in Computer Science and Engineering (CSE) from Bangladesh University of Engineering and Technology (BUET) in 2002, and M.Sc. and Ph.D. degrees in Computer Science from Aachen Technical University and Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Germany in 2004 and 2009, respectively.
Prof. Al Faruque received the Thomas Alva Edison Patent Award 2016 from the Edison foundation, the 2016 DATE Best Paper Award, the 2015 DAC Best Paper Award, the 2009 IEEE/ACM William J. McCalla ICCAD Best Paper Award, the 2016 NDSS Distinguished Poster Award, the 2008 HiPEAC Paper Award, the 2015 Hellman Fellow Award, the 2015 Kane Kim Fellowship Award, the 2017 ICCAD Best Paper Award Nomination, the 2017 DAC Best Paper Award Nomination, the 2012 DATE Best IP Award Nomination, the 2005 DAC Best Paper Award Nomination, the EECS Professor of the year 2015-16 Award, and the 2015 UCI Chancellor’s Award for Excellence in Fostering Undergraduate Research. Besides 80+ IEEE/ACM publications in the premier journals and conferences, Prof. Al Faruque holds 6 US patents.