Emphasizes the importance of theoretical studies on the theory itself, about its construction, development and application. For this, it is divided into two main axes, including theoretical and empirical investigations: 1) Epistemology and Social Theory; 2) Contemporary Political Theory. The first axis concentrates aspects related to the social studies of science and technology, the sociology of knowledge and epistemological decolonization, as well as issues involving the relations between capitalism and globalization. In the area of Contemporary Political Theory, the emphasis is on normative political theory and its articulations with Political Philosophy. The main contemporary epistemic and theoretical currents from which the discussions, studies and research of the line start are poststructuralism, postcolonialism, post-Marxism, neo-Marxism and feminism. Analytical concerns bring together varied objects and themes, such as democracy, science, ideology, discourse, mobilizations, activism, identity, and gender. In summary, the line of research projects different perspectives on the politic and politics, from the point of view of contemporary political theory and social theory, and of their possible encounters and intersections.